Hawker Tempest




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Specifications

Primary Function:
Crew:
Engine:
Power:
Propeller:
Weight Empty:
Max. Weight:
Machine Guns:
Cannons:
Rockets:
Length:
Wingspan:
Cruise Speed:
Max. Speed:
Initial Climb:
Ceiling:
Range:
Year Deployed:
fighter/bomber
one
Centaurus
2,420 hp.
4 blade 14 ft. dia.
9,000 lbs.
13,550 lbs.
none
4- 20 mm
8 - three in.
33 ft. 8 in.
41 ft.
310 mph
426 mph
4,520 fpm
37,000 feet
820 miles
1944




Hawker Tempest

Hawker Tempest

The Hawker Tempest was developed from the Typhoon aircraft. It had a longer fuselage and thinner laminar flow wings for improved climb and high altitude performance. Five versions of the Hawker Tempest were proposed for the testing of different engine installations. Three of the versions eventually saw service. They were the Mk II, Mk V, and Mk VI.

The first Hawker Tempest to take to the sky was the Mk V version. It first flew on Sept. 2, 1942. It was powered by a Napier Sabre II engine and had the same distinctive radiator beneath the engine as did its predecessor. It was the only Tempest aircraft that saw action during World War II.

The first RAF Tempest wing was established in April of 1944. Initially the aircraft was used in the ground attack role, taking out tanks, artillery, and military railroad trains. The aircraft then was used to intercept V-1 flying bombs.  It excelled in the role. Its low altitude speed was the fastest of all RAF aircraft.

The Hawker Tempest was credited with downing a total of 638 V-1 flying bombs from June 13 through Sept. 5, 1944. In 1944, Hawker Tempest aircraft accounted for one third of all V-1 flying bombs downed. They downed almost 900 of the flying bombs before the war ended.

Hawker Tempest aircraft supported Allied ground troops on their march towards Berlin. During their initial 30 days of operations, they downed 52 Luftwaffe aircraft.

In ground attack operations Tempest aircraft strafed and bombed vital German supply lines putting almost 100 locomotives out of action.

As part of the 2nd Tactical Air Force, RAF Hawker Tempest aircraft are credited with the downing of some 20 Luftwaffe Me-262 jet aircraft. Rather than intercepting the jets directly, Tempest aircraft flew over the airfields where the jets were based. They pounced on the jets when they slowed to land and were unable to accelerate quickly.

After World War II, Hawker Tempest Mk V aircraft were relegated to duty as target tugs.

The Hawker Tempest Mk VI became the primary fighter for the RAF in the Middle East until they were replaced by jets in 1949.

The Tempest Mk II had its radiator moved from the nose of the aircraft, beneath the engine, to the leading edge of the wings. Fuel tanks were moved from the wings to the fuselage. It bore the least resemblance of all RAF Tempest aircraft to its predecessor.

The Tempest Mk II that entered RAF service in November of 1945 was powered by a 2,520 hp Centaurus engine. It was supposed to be used in operations against the Japanese in the Pacific. However, the war ended before it could be deployed as part of the planned Tiger Force.

The majority of Hawker Tempest Mk II aircraft served outside of Great Britain. Three squadrons were based in Germany from 1946 through 1949. During the Berlin Airlift, RAF Tempest aircraft of No. 33 Squadron were based at RAF Gatow, Berlin, to demonstrate British fighter power in the area. Later, No. 33 Squadron moved their operations to the Far East where they saw limited action against Malayan terrorists in 1950 and 1951.

A total of over 1,700 Hawker Tempest aircraft of all types were produced.

RC Hawker Tempest

RC Hawker Tempest

The RC Hawker Tempest Mk. V by Dynam has a wingspan of 49 in. and is 40 in. long.  It is PNP and includes a BM3720A 600Kv motor turning a three bladed propeller, retracts and navigation lights.  Ready to fly weight is around 53 oz.

Nick Ziroli Plans has Vailly Aviation Scale Plans of the RC Hawker Tempest for sale.  It can be built as a Mk. II, Mk. V or Mk. VI.  Wingspan is 96 in. and length is 81 1/2 in. Recommended power can come from 3.7 to 4.2 c.i.d. engines. All up weight can range from 30 to 40 lbs.

Jerry Bates Plans has RC Hawker Tempest Mk. V. plans.  They build to a wingspan of 87 in. with a length of 72 in.  Recommended engines are ST3250 or G45.  Flying weight is about 23 lbs.

The RC Hawker Tempest Mk. V with a 123 in. wingspan and 102 in. length is also available from Jerry Bates Plans.  Recommended power can come from 120 cc or larger two stroke gas engines.  Weight should be around 55 lbs.

For those who want a RC Hawker Tempest Mk. II, Jerry Bates Plans has one that builds to a 104 in. wingspan and 87 1/2 in length.  It can be powered with a 3.5 c.i.d. or larger gas engine.  All up it should weigh in at approximately 42 lbs.




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