YouTube – MiG-19
2 x 8,270 lbs. ea.
3 x 30 mm
41 ft. 0 in.
30 ft. 2 in.
The MiG-19, produced by Mikoyan-Gurevich, was the first supersonic Soviet jet fighter. Rather than being based on another design, the aircraft was all new.
The first production aircraft was powered by a pair of Mikulin engines. These were the first mass produced Soviet jet engines. Due to instability, particularly at trans sonic speeds, the aircraft was withdrawn from service pending major modifications.
The result of the modifications was the MiG-19 model S. It featured a full flying elevator that solved the instability problems. Also new were a pair of more reliable and powerful Tumansky engines.
Versions of the MiG-19 included an all-weather radar equipped model PF and the model PM that was equipped with air-to-air missiles as its primary weapons and no guns. Export variants were used by Poland and also by Czechoslovakia.
A licensed MiG-19 was built by the Chinese from 1961 through 1986. They sold their aircraft to a number of countries around the world including Albania, Bangladesh, Cambodia, Egypt, Pakistan, Tanzania and Vietnam.
Although easy to fly, Chinese MiG-19 aircraft saw limited action against U.S. aircraft over Vietnam due to their short range and high maintenance requirements.
Pakistani MiG-19 aircraft were engaged in combat with India in the 1971 Indo-Pakistan Wars. MiG-19 aircraft claimed six air-to-air victories over Indian aircraft. They flew some one thousand sorties against India during which they lost seven aircraft.
Some 2,170 MiG-19 aircraft were produced by the Soviet Union with about an additional 7,830 MiG-19 aircraft produced in China.