Panavia Tornado

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Primary Function:
Span Extended:
Span Swept:
Weight Empty:
Max. Weight:
Cruise Speed:
Max. Speed:
Climb Rate:
First Flight:
Year Deployed:
2- 16,075 lbs ea.
61 ft. 4 in.
45 ft. 8 in.
28 ft. 3 in.
31,970 lbs.
61,700 lbs.
1- 27 mm
585 mph
1,480 mph
40,000 fpm
70,000 feet
2,650 miles


 Panavia Tornado
Panavia Tornado

Multi-role Tornado ADV (Air Defense Variant) F.3, GR.1 and GR.4 IDS (Interdictor/Strike) aircraft were produced jointly by Germany, Italy and England from 1979 to 1999. Each country manufactured a number of unique specific parts of the aircraft. In addition, each country did the final assembly of the aircraft for its own air force. Engines for all aircraft were produced by Turbo- Union from a Rolls Royce design.

The upgraded Tornado GR.4 that replaced the GR.1 has the mission of a low level attack aircraft. It is designed to take out high value targets in all weather conditions using its terrain following and ground mapping radar systems.  Missions can be safely flown as low as 200 feet above ground level while providing a smooth, gentle ride.

The Tornado model ADV mission is that of a long range interceptor. The primary difference between the ADV and other models is its 4' 7" longer fuselage. Its advanced radar system can track up to 20 aircraft while scanning a search area of up to 100 miles away. Its missiles are accurate at ranges of up to 27 miles.

All versions of the Tornado have wings that automatically sweep back to maximize the aircraft's aerodynamic performance. The aircraft have excellent short take off capability, which together with an on board APU (Auxiliary Power Unit), make them well suited for operation from unimproved forward air fields.  They are designed to carry the largest variety of ordnance of any RAF fighter aircraft.

The Saudi Arabian Air Force has a combined total of 111 Tornado model ADV and IDS aircraft. During the 1991 Gulf War, Royal Saudi aircraft flew combat patrols along with RAF aircraft. The Saudi aircraft did not see any action. However, the RAF aircraft carried out over 1,500 bombing raids over Iraq. Six RAF Tornados were lost due to surface to air missiles.
In 1992 RAF model Tornado F.3's helped patrol Iraqi no fly zones. They also participated in U.N. operations over Bosnia-Herzegovina.
In January 2003 RAF Tornado model GR.4 aircraft participated in the invasion of Iraq using stand-off missiles, GPS guided ordnance, and improved anti radar missiles for the first time.
A total of 218 Tornado ADV and 992 IDS aircraft were produced.
Panavia Tornado - Wang

Panavia Tornado

The Panavia Tornado shown above was built by Johnny Wang from Fly Eagle Jets. It comes as ARF and has operating swing wings. Length is 88 in. and full wingspan is 73 in. Construction is mainly composites. Power can come from 28 lb. to 35 lb. thrust jet turbine engine. All up weight is around 34 lbs.